Monthly Archives: February 2010

Ganges river becoming more salty !

Ganges river is the largest river in India, and home of many unique ecosystems. However these ecosystems could soon come under great threat because rising sea levels are causing salt water to flow into India’s biggest river. This is happening because sea levels in some parts of the Bay of Bengal were rising at 3.14 mm annually against a global average of 2 mm, and if temperatures continue to rise not only Ganges will become more salty but also large number of population in Indian subcontinent will be severely hit with more frequent and more powerful natural disasters such as floods and storms, which will very likely result in more disease and more hunger.

Ganges river, the largest river in India, does not only have problem with pollution but is also becoming more salty because of sea levels rise.

Indian university in the city of Kolkata that published this study was very surprised with the discovery of the mangrove plants, a rare phenomenon along the Ganges river belt, that usually live 100 km (60 miles) away in the swampy Sundarban archipelago spread over a 26,000 sq km (10,000 sq mile) area on the world’s largest delta region. They also spotted more saline water fish in the river as Ganges river is becoming more and more salty. It looks like Ganges river does not only have problem with pollution but also with salinity.

Courtesy

http://pollutionarticles.blogspot.com/search/label/Ganges

Ocean pollution – A really big problem!

Many people aren’t still aware that ocean pollution is a major problem that isn’t only affecting the ocean but the rest of the Earth as well. Ocean pollution directly affects living organisms in ocean and indirectly humans and their health. There are many sources of pollution and the most dangerous is illegal dumping, especially of poisonous materials. This illegal dumping is unfortunately so, wide spread and is causing damage to many plants and animals in the ocean. On top of the food chain we could easily end up eating seafood that was harmed by some toxic materials before it came to our plates. Especially dangerous is the lead which can cause a lot of health problems, especially damaging brain and kidneys. Recycling is the right answer but unfortunately not for all people.

Dumping is the biggest problem but there are other problems as well like wastewater, use of pesticides and other chemicals in agriculture, which you definitely wouldn’t think of right away. Wastewater is a run-off from rainwater that ends up in rivers, lakes and oceans as well. Majority of people still don’t know that this run-off is going into the ocean at daily bases in small amounts which are piling hence creating a major problem. Agriculture is also harmful to the ocean because pesticides and other dangerous chemicals are taken off of the plants and carried to the oceans when it rains.

Oil pollution also has tremendous affects on oceans and presents real dangers in form of tankers and their possible failure or crash which could lead to oil leakage as it was the infamous Exxon Valdez incident. In this accident 10.8 million gallons were spilled, causing deaths of many animals, including 250,000–500,000 seabirds, 2,800–5,000 sea otters, approximately 12 river otters, 300 harbor seals, 250 bald eagles, and 22 orcas, as well as the destruction of billions of salmon and herring eggs.

Oil spill cleaning efforts usually need months or even years to clean up the polluted area and by the time cleaning is done many fish species, seabirds and even some mammals had already died because of it. And as the scientific results in infamous Exxon Valdez oil spill showed effects are far more lasting than it was expected, and some habitats may take more than 30 years to recover, which is very long time so you can imagine total negative impact on affected ecosystems.

Global warming is another major problem and is concerning oceans as well. Global warming causes the water to rise and when it rises, it covers low land islands with plants, animals, and even some people’s homes on them. This can hurt animals in the different layers of the ocean. Other problem is warm water that is killing some algae which can’t stand this temperature, and this has effect on complete food chain because there are some fishes that eat these algae, meaning they don’t have food, some other fishes eat this fishes meaning they don’t have food as well, etc, and the food chain is irreversibly broken.

There are indeed many problems but not that many answers because all ecological problems are connected on the global scale and therefore solving one of them isn’t completely possible without solving all of them, which is at this moment almost impossible task. Public conscience still isn’t on the required level, scientists’ warnings aren’t still seriously understood and legislation is insufficient and not strict enough. There’s also need for global action, because world is one big community and some individual action won’t solve anything, although it could point out way the things should go to. Now, will this way be followed and by whom it remains to be seen. We can only hope for the best and contribute as much as we can.

ocean_pollution

Ocean Pollution

Ocean pollution happens every day and is harmful to many sea plants and animals and eventually to the human health as well.

Courtesy

http://pollutionarticles.blogspot.com/2007/11/ocean-pollution.html

परिसर : हमी पर्यावरणाचीसुद्धा!

राष्ट्रीय ग्रामीण रोजगार हमी योजनेमुळे ग्रामीण भागात हक्काचा रोजगार तर उपलब्ध होणारच आहे. या योजनेचा व्यापक पातळीवर विचार केला तर ती पर्यावरणरक्षणासाठीही उपयुक्त ठरणार आहे. पाणी व जलसंधारणाची कामे नियोजनपूर्वक हाती घेतली तर राज्यातील बऱ्याचशा ओसाड भागावर पाणी व त्याद्वारे हिरवाई बहरेल. त्यातून पर्यावरणाचीसुद्धा हमी लाभेल.. महाराष्ट्रात उदयाला आलेली रोजगार हमी योजना म्हणजे आपल्या राज्याने संपूर्ण देशाला दिलेली देणंच. १९७२ सालच्या दुष्काळाच्या काळात सुरू करण्यात आलेली ही योजना २००५ साली देशाने स्वीकारली. त्यातूनच राष्ट्रीय ग्रामीण रोजगार हमी कायदा बवनिण्यात आला आणि संपूर्ण देशभर ग्रामीण भागातील कुटुंबास किमान १०० दिवसांचा रोजगार मिळविण्याचा हक्क प्राप्त झाला. महाराष्ट्राने कायदा केला तेव्हा रोजगारनिर्मिती हा प्रमुख उद्देश होता. आता मात्र जल संधारणाच्या कामांवर भर देऊन स्थानिक रोजगार निर्मिती असे या कायद्याचे साधारण स्वरूप आहे. त्यामुळेच त्याचा योग्य उपयोग करून घेतला, तर एकाच वेळी अनेक गोष्टी साध्य करणे शक्य होणार आहे. रोजगाराच्या निमित्ताने पाण्याची कामे करता येतील आणि अप्रत्यक्षरीत्या पर्यावरण संवर्धनाचे उद्दिष्टही साधता येईल.
सध्या महाराष्ट्रातील साधारणत: १७ टक्के शेतजमीन सिंचनाखाली आहे. म्हणजेच उरलेली ८३ टक्के जमीन कोरडवाहू आहे. या भागात मुख्यत: केवळ पावसाळ्यातच शेती करणे शक्य असल्याने त्यानंतर लोकांचे रोजगाराच्या दिशेने स्थलांतर करतात. नाइलाजाने स्थलांतर करणाऱ्या लोकांसाठी, या कायद्यातील तरतुदी अत्यंत उपयुक्त आहेत. गावाजवळ रोजगार उपलब्ध करून देण्याची हमी या कायद्यात आहे. या कामांमध्ये जल व मृद संधारणाच्या कामांना प्राधान्य देण्यात आले आहे. त्यामागचा उद्देश एवढाच की या कामांमुळे त्या-त्या भागात पडणारा पाऊस अडवण्याच्या, जिरवण्याच्या व साठवण्याच्या व्यवस्था निर्माण व्हाव्यात, जेणेकरून या पाण्याच्या आधारावर वर्षांतून जास्तीत जास्त काळ शेतीत उत्पन्न मिळविणे शक्य होईल. त्यातूनच अप्रत्यक्षरीत्या स्थानिक पातळीवर रोजगारनिर्मिती होईल.
सिंचनाचा पारंपरिक विचार म्हणजे धरण बांधून पाण्याचा मोठा साठा निर्माण करणे आणि पाणी उपलब्ध करून देणे. मोठय़ा धरणांमुळे पर्यावरणाची हानी होते व त्याचे अनेक इतर सामाजिक परिणाम आहेत. अशाप्रकारचे केंद्रीकरण हे मुळात पर्यावरणीयदृष्टय़ा हानीकारक आहे. सध्या हे आपल्याला शहरीकरणाच्या रूपाने दिसतच आहे. त्यामुळे पाणी विकेंद्री पद्धतीने म्हणजे ज्या-त्या ठिकाणी स्थानिक पातळीवर साठवून स्थानिक उत्पादकता वाढवणे हा विकेंद्रीकरणाच्या दिशेचा होणारा प्रवास आहे. त्यामुळेही तो पर्यावरणीयदृष्ट्या सुसंगतही आहे. इतकेच नव्हे तर त्यातून थेट पर्यावरणाच्या दृष्टीने पूरक ठरणारी कामे करणेही शक्य होणार आहे. जलसंधारणाची कामे करताना पाणलोट क्षेत्र डोळ्यासमोर ठेवले व ही कामे तांत्रिकदृष्टय़ा योग्य असतील तर स्थानिक पर्यावरणाच्या संवर्धनाशी सुसंगत असा हा मार्ग आहे. माथ्यापासून पायथ्यापर्यंत ही कामे झाल्यास पावसाचे पाणी अडविणे व मातीची धूप थांबणे असा दुहेरी उद्देश साध्य होईल. रोजगार हमीद्वारे शेततळी, विविध प्रकारचे बांध, लहान तळी, सलग समतल चर अशी जलसंधारणाची बहुतांशी कामे करणे शक्य आहे.
सध्या रोजगार हमीचे स्वरूप ‘मागेल त्याला काम’ असे आहे. ज्या व्यक्तीस इतर रोजगाराच्या संधी नाहीत, त्या या योजनेचा लाभ घेतात. साहजिकच ज्या ठिकाणी तत्कालीन रोजगाराची गरज आहे, तिथेच ही कामे होतील अशी या कायद्यातच तरतूद आहे. त्यानुसार तत्कालीन गरज याला पहिले प्राधान्य असेल आणि त्यातून झालेच तर जलसंधारण व पर्यायाने निसर्गाचे संवर्धनही होईल. परंतु, या कामातून खरंच पाणलोटाची कामे होऊन गावात जास्त काळासाठी पाणी उपलब्ध होऊ शकले तर गावाची उत्पादकता वाढेलच. त्याद्वारे या योजनेची अंमलबजावणी केवळ तत्कालीन रोजगाराच्या गरजेतून न होता त्यामागे जलसंधारण हाही व्यापक उद्देश असू शकेल.
निसर्गाच्या संवर्धनातूनच पाण्याचे उत्तम व्यवस्थापन शक्य आहे आणि मुख्यत: पाणी उपलब्धतेवर ग्रामीण भागातील उत्पादकता व सधनता अवलंबून आहे. राज्याच्या बऱ्याचशा भागात आजही नजर जाईल तिथपर्यंत पडीक जमीन, माळराने पाहायला मिळतात. सध्या या जमिनीचा कुठल्याही प्रकारे उपयोग केला जात नाही. अशा जमिनीवर रोजगार हमीतून योग्य पद्धतीने पाणी व मातीसंधारणाची कामे करता आली तर तिथे झाडोरा वाढविणे शक्य होणार आहे. वनस्पती आवरण वाढले की पाणी मुरण्याचे व टिकण्याचे प्रमाण वाढेल आणि पाणी जास्त काळ टिकले की वनस्पती आवरण वाढण्यासही फायदा होईल. या वाढणाऱ्या वनस्पतीतून सरपण तर मिळेलच, शिवाय चारा उपलब्ध होऊन दुभत्या जनावरांनाही फायदा होईल. सांगली जिल्ह्य़ातील खानापूर तालुक्यातील रेणावी व रेवणगाव ही गावे याची उत्तम उदाहरणे आहेत. या गावांमध्ये २००३-०४ च्या दुष्काळी वर्षांमध्ये रोजगार हमी योजनेअंतर्गत खूप मोठय़ा प्रमाणावर जलसंधारणाची कामे करण्यात आली. त्यात गावाच्या पाणलोटातील डोंगरापासून ते माळरानापर्यंत सलग समतल चर, नाला बांध, पाझर तलाव यांची निर्मिती तसेच, जुन्या पाझर तलावातील गाळ काढणे अशी कामे रोजगार हमीतून हाती घेण्यात आली. त्यातूनच ही गावे पाणी आणि त्यामुळे चाऱ्याच्या दृष्टीने स्वयंपूर्ण झाली आहेत. त्या भागात पावसाळ्यानंतर लगेचच कोरडे पडणारे ओढे आता किमान ८ महिने प्रवाही बनले आहेत. रोजगार हमी योजनेचा योग्यप्रकारे उपयोग करून पाणी व हिरवाई मिळवता येते व टिकवून ठेवता येते, हे या उदाहरणांमधून स्पष्ट झालेच आहे. हेच ठीकठिकाणी झाले तर ते पाणी व पर्यावरणाच्या संवर्धनाच्या दृष्टीने उपयुक्त ठरणार आहे.
मुळात दुष्काळी परिस्थितीवर मात करण्याच्या उद्देशाने सुरू झालेली रोजगार हमी योजना आता पाणी व्यवस्थापन, पर्यावरण संवर्धन व त्यातून स्थानिक रोजगार निर्मिती अशा तिहेरी उद्देशाने राबवली जाऊ शकते. योजना तीच व कामेही तीच, पण त्याकडे बघण्याची दृष्टी बदलली तर त्याच कामांची परिणामकारकता अनेक पटींनी वाढवता येते. सततच्या पाणीटंचाईने ग्रस्त व त्रस्त असलेल्या भागांतील या समस्यांना या दृष्टिकोनामुळे कायमची मुक्ती देता येऊ शकेल. एकदा पाणी मिळाले की एरवी उघडय़ा बोडक्या दिसणाऱ्या टेकडय़ा व माळराने हिरवी होऊन पर्यावरणही सुधारेल. त्यासाठी आवश्यकता आहे थोडा व्यापक विचार करण्याची! राष्ट्रीय ग्रामीण रोजगार हमी कायद्यातील तरतुदींमुळे या ग्रामपंचायतींना अनेक अधिकार मिळाले आहेत. या कायद्याचे आणखी महत्त्व असे की या कामांसाठी लागणाऱ्या निधीची तरतूद आधीच झालेली आहे. त्यामुळे यासाठी कुठलाही पुढारी किंवा अधिकाऱ्याकडे हात पसरण्याची गरज नाही. केंद्रीय कायद्यात जरी कुटुंबास किमान १०० दिवसाच्या रोजगाराची हमी असली, तरी महाराष्ट्रात प्रत्येक व्यक्तीस ३६५ दिवस रोजगारांची हमी आहे. त्यामुळे या कामांसाठी इतर योजनांसारखी निधीची मर्यादाही पडणार नाही. त्यामुळे सलग कामे हाती घेणेही शक्य होणार आहे. म्हणूनच या गुणी योजनेचा योग्य उपयोग करून घेतला तर त्याद्वारे राज्याचे पर्यावरण निश्चितच सुधारेल.. आता गरज आहे ती व्यापक विचार करण्याची!

प्रियदर्शन सहस्रबुद्धे,

(‘निर्माण’ प्रतिनिधी, महाराष्ट्र ज्ञान महामंडळ)

साभार- लोकसत्ता.

http://www.loksatta.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=49877:2010-02-22-16-09-14&catid=96:2009-08-04-04-30-04&Itemid=108

पाणी जपून वापरणेच हिताचे !

पाणी टंचाई

पाणी टंचाई

तलावांमधील गढूळ पाणी शुद्धीकरण केंद्रांतून शुद्ध होऊन आपल्या घरी पोहोचल्यानंतर ते कसे वापरायचे हे ज्याचे त्याने ठरविले पाहिजे. सामाजिक भान राखून प्रत्येकाने काटकसरीने पाण्याचा अपव्यय टाळून पाण्याचा वापर करणे गरजेचे आहे.
यंदा पाऊस कमी पडल्यामुळे सध्या तीव्र पाणीटंचाई भेडसावत आहे. अशा परिस्थितीतही पाण्याचा जपून वापर करण्याकडे लोकांचा कल दिसून येत नाही. पाणी जपून वापरले नाही तर भविष्यात मुंबईकरांना पाण्यासाठी वणवण करावी लागणार आहे. अशा वेळी मुंबई

महानगरपालिकाही हतबल होईल. तलावांमध्येच पाणी नसेल तर पालिका मुंबईकरांना पाणीपुरवठा कुठून करेल. त्यामुळे नागरिकांनीच आता सजग होऊन ‘पाणी बचती’चा मूलमंत्र अवलंबायला हवा.
गेल्या काही वर्षांमध्ये मुंबई झपाटय़ाने विस्तारत गेली. दिवसागणिक मुंबईच्या लोकसंख्येने कोटय़वधीचा आकडा पार केला. त्याबरोबर पाण्याची गरजह वाढत गेली. मात्र उपलब्ध जलसाठय़ांचा विस्तार मात्र पाहिजे तेवढय़ा प्रमाणात झाला नाही. आजघडीला मुंबईकरांची पाण्याची तहान भागविण्यासाठी प्रतिदिनी ४३०० दशलक्ष लिटर पाण्याची आवश्यकता आहे. परंतु मुंबई महानगरपालिकेतर्फे प्रतिदिनी ३४०० दशलक्ष लिटर पाणीपुरवठा केला जातो. मात्र यंदा पाऊस कमी पडल्यामुळे मुंबईवर पाणीटंचाईचे संकट कोसळले आहे. महापालिकेतर्फे मुंबईला प्रतिदिनी २९०० दशलक्ष लिटर पाण्याचा पुरवठा करण्यात येत आहे. त्यातही पाणी चोरी आणि गळतीमुळे मुंबईकरांपर्यंत प्रतिदिनी २९०० दशलक्ष लिटर पाणी पोहोचतच नाही. त्यापैकी शेकडो दशलक्ष लिटर पाणी वाटेतच वाया जाते किंवा त्याची चोरी केली जाते.
महानगरपालिका मुंबईकरांना प्रतिदिनी प्रतिमाणशी १३५ लिटर पाणी उपलब्ध करते. मात्र सध्या पाणीटंचाई असल्यामुळे प्रतिदिनी प्रतिमाणशी ९० लिटर पाणी पुरविले जात आहे. तर यापुढे मुंबई शहरात उभ्या राहणाऱ्या नव्या इमारतींना प्रतिदिनी प्रतिमाणशी ४५ लिटर पाणी देण्याचा निर्णय महानगरपालिकेने घेतला आहे. तसेच नव्या इमारतींमध्ये बोअरवेल, तसेच रेनवॉटर हार्वेस्टसारख्या उपाययोजना करण्याच्या सूचनाही पालिकेतर्फे देण्यात आल्या आहेत. जेणेकरून नव्या इमारतींना पिण्याव्यतिरिक्त अन्य कामांसाठी लागणारे पाणी सहज उपलब्ध होऊ शकेल.

महानगरपालिकेतर्फे मुंबईतील जुन्या चाळींमध्ये राहणाऱ्या रहिवाशांना घरगुती वापरासाठी २ रुपये २५ पैसे प्रतिहजार लिटर दराने पाणी उपलब्ध करते.

पाणी वाचवा !

पाणी वाचवा !

तर मुंबापुरीतील सोसायटय़ांना ३ रुपये ५० पैसे प्रतिहजार लिटर दराने पाणी पुरवले जाते. तलावातील पाणी शुद्ध करून मुंबईकरांपर्यंत पोहोचविण्यासाठी पालिकेला प्रतिहजार लिटरसाठी  ७ रुपये ८० पैसे इतका खर्च येतो. मात्र खर्चाच्या तुलनेत पालिका मुंबईकरांना अतिशय कमी दरात पाणी उपलब्ध करते. साडेतीन रुपये प्रतिहजार लिटर दराने पालिका पाणी देते. म्हणजेत पालिकेकडून मिळणाऱ्या एक लिटर पाण्याचा दर

अतिशय नाममात्र होते. पण बाजारात ब्रॅण्डेड कंपन्यांची एक लिटर पाण्याची बाटली मुंबईकर १२ रुपये दराने खरेदी करतात. १२ रुपये प्रतिलिटर दराने खरेदी केलेले पाणी मुंबईकर प्रवासात जपून वापरत असले तरी नाममात्र दराने पालिकेकडून मिळणाऱ्या पाण्याची नासाडी करताना दिसतात. हे चित्र आता बदलायची वेळ आली आहे. सध्या पाणीटंचाई आहे म्हणून नव्हे, तर एकूणच पाण्याचे महत्त्व ओळखून ते जपून वापरणे गरजेचे आहे.
पाणीटंचाई असल्यामुळे सध्या महापालिका बोअरवेल खणण्यास परवानगी देत आहे. परंतु मोठय़ा प्रमाणावर बोअरवेल खोदले गेल्यास भूगर्भातील जलसाठय़ावर त्याचा परिणाम होण्याची शक्यता आहे. भूगर्भातील गोडे पाणी बोअरवेलच्या माध्यमातून काढल्यास ती जागा समुद्राचे खारे पाणी घेईल. असे झाले तर मुंबईकरांना गोडय़ा पाण्यासाठी वणवण करावी लागेल. त्यामुळे आता महानगरपालिका रेनवॉटर हार्वेस्टचे महत्त्वही मुंबईकरांना पटवून देऊ लागली आहे. पावसाळ्यात रेनवॉटर हार्वेस्टद्वारे जमिनीत जास्तीत जास्त पाणी मुरविले, तर भूगर्भातील जलसाठय़ांचे जतन होण्यास मदत होईल.
दरम्यान, यंदा पाऊस कमी पडला म्हणून तो दरवर्षीच कमी पडेल असे नाही. पुढील वर्षी समाधानकारक पाऊस पडल्यावर तलाव भरभरून वाहतील आणि पाणीटंचाईचे संकट दूर होईल. मात्र पाणीटंचाईचे संकट दूर झाले तरी मुंबईकरांनी भविष्यात पाणी जपूनच वापरायला हवे.

प्रसाद रावकर

prasad.raokar@expressindia.com This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

साभार – लोकसत्ता.

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‘Gangajal’ Photo Exhibition on River Pollution, Photography By our president Mr. Vijay Mudshingikar.

The most serious problem today is the destruction of our environment. General population is ignorant about it. Pollution, drought, flood, soil and water problems are not natural but they are consequences of uncaring and selfish attitude of mankind. Not only present but future generations too will suffer due to the ill-effects of this. Gangajal Nature Foundation is making an effort to awaken people from their deep slumber.

We appreciated the work done by Hon. Shri Rajiv Ji Gandhi on the Dying Ganga. River Ganga is declared as a National River of India by Prime Minister Mr. Manmohan Singh in 2008 which was ‘International Year of Rivers’

Gangajal Nature Foundation is working hard for last four years towards awakening and educating people about upkeep of rivers and lakes by organizing photo exhibitions, screening of the documentary, by holding national level competitions in essay-writing, photography and documentaries. So far around seventy thousand sensible citizens have visited the eleven exhibitions.

We are trying to spread awareness about water pollution, through the medium of ‘Gangajal photo exhibition’  since last four years. We are exhibiting Photographs of  India’s National River The Ganga clicked by our Founder President Mr. Vijay Mudshingikar from the year 2001 to 2006. Our  ‘Gangajal’  documentary film based on these photographs  as tools to spread awareness.

Gangajal Photo Echibition

Gangajal Photo Exhibition

“Jan Jodo Ganga Yatra” (Connecting people to Ganga)

“Jan Jodo Ganga Yatra” (Connecting people to Ganga)

My few Worlds - Vijay Mudshingikar

My few Worlds - Vijay Mudshingikar

Gomukha (Cow’s Mouth),elevation 12,700 feet, where the Bhagirathi Ganga emerges from the Gangotri Glacier. Uttarakhand.

Gomukha, Pilgrims in late winter at Gomukha, Gangotri, Uttarakhand.

Bhojvasa, Bhagitrathi peaks (21,364 feet, 21,176 feet and 22,496 feet), Shivaling peak (21,466feet), Uttarakhand.

Chirbasa, Hard root to Gomukha and pilgrims, Gangotri, Uttarakhand.

Uttarakhand govt sounds red alert on the Gomukha, Gangotri, Uttarakhand.

Gangotri temple in mid winter, elevation 10,000 feet, Gangotri, Uttarakhand.

Doli Yatra, Festival of Door opening on Akshay Tritiya in the month of April-May, Gangotri, Uttarakhand.

Suryakund, water fall of the River Ganga, Gangotri, Uttarakhnd.

Bhairavghati, Gangotri, Uttarakhand.

River Alaknanda, Badrinath, Valley of Flowers, Himkund, Uttarakhand.

Devprayag, sacred confluence of the Bhagirath Ganga, left, and the Alaknanda, right, Devprayag, Uttarakhand.

Doli Yatra festival, Mukhava, Uttarakhand.

Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand.

Dharasu Bend, Uttarakhand,

Dharasu Bend, Uttarakhand,

 Laxman Zula, Hrishikesh, Uttarakhand.

Laxman Zula, Hrishikesh, Uttarakhand.

Haridwar, View from Mansadevi Temple, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.

Haridwar, View from Mansadevi Temple, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.

 Kawar Yatra, Hari Ki Pouri, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.

Kawar Yatra, Hari Ki Pouri, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.

Save Ganga Movement, Jagjeetpur water treatment plant, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.

Save Ganga Movement, Jagjeetpur water treatment plant, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.

Brajghat, Gadhmukteswar, Uttar Pradesh.

Brajghat, Gadhmukteswar, Uttar Pradesh.

Brhmavartghat, Bitur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Brhmavartghat, Bitur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Crores liters of Sewage water and tannery’s waste chemical in the Ganga, Jajmaou, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Crores liters of Sewage water and tannery’s waste chemical in the Ganga, Jajmaou, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

 Maghmela, Triveni Sangam, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Maghmela, Triveni Sangam, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Bone ash Abandonment, Teiveni Sangam, prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Bone ash Abandonment, Teiveni Sangam, prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

 Sacred Confluence of the River Ganga, Yamuna and Sarswati, Maghmela, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Sacred Confluence of the River Ganga, Yamuna and Sarswati, Maghmela, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Seagulls, Sacred Confluence of the River Ganga, Yamuna and Sarswati, Maghmela, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Seagulls, Sacred Confluence of the River Ganga, Yamuna and Sarswati, Maghmela, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Biggest Solar eclipse of the 21st century at Banaras. Prayag ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Biggest Solar eclipse of the 21st century at Banaras. Prayag ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Ganga Arti, Prayag Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Ganga Arti, Prayag Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Secular Ganga, Prayag Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Secular Ganga, Prayag Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Durga Festival, Prayag Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Durga Festival, Prayag Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Kartik Ganga Bath, Light Festival, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Kartik Ganga Bath, Light Festival, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Light festival, Prayag Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Light festival, Prayag Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

 Gangajal, Crores liters of Sewage water and chemical waste in the Ganga Dally, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Gangajal, Crores liters of Sewage water and chemical waste in the Ganga Dally, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

  Manikarnika Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Manikarnika Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Harishchandra Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Harishchandra Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Sunrise, Narad Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Sunrise, Narad Ghat, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh.

Chat Festival, Golghar, Patna, Bihar.

Chat Festival, Golghar, Patna, Bihar.

Chat Festival, Bass Ghat, Patna, Bihar.

Chat Festival, Bass Ghat, Patna, Bihar.

Chat Festival, Collectori Ghat, Patna, Bihar.

Chat Festival, Collectori Ghat, Patna, Bihar.

Drainage in the Ganga at Bass Ghat, Patna, Bihar.

Drainage in the Ganga at Bass Ghat, Patna, Bihar.

Howrah Bridge, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Howrah Bridge, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Kali Mata Temple, Kalighat, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Kali Mata Temple, Kalighat, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Durga Festival, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Durga Festival, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Durga Visrjan, Babu Ghat, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Durga Visrjan, Babu Ghat, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Dakshineswari Temple, Bellur Math, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Dakshineswari Temple, Bellur Math, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Gangajal, Backyard of Bellur Math, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Drainage in the Ganga (Hugely River), Backyard of Bellur Math, Kolkata, West Bengal.

Industrial waste chemical in the Ganga (Hugely River), Titagadh, West Bengal.

Industrial waste chemical in the Ganga (Hugely River), Titagadh, West Bengal.

Journey To Gangasagar,  24 Paragana, West Bengal.

Journey To Gangasagar, 24 Paragana, West Bengal.

Kapilmuni Ashram, Gangasar Mela,  West Bengal.

Kapilmuni Ashram, Gangasar Mela, West Bengal.

Naga Sadhus, Gangasagar Mela, West Bengal.

Naga Sadhus, Gangasagar Mela, West Bengal.

 Son of Ganga Maiyya, Gangasagar Mela, West Bengal.

Son of Ganga Maiyya, Gangasagar Mela, West Bengal.

 Sacred confluence of the River Ganga and Sagar (Bay of Bengal), Gangasagar, West Bengal.

Sacred confluence of the River Ganga and Sagar (Bay of Bengal), Gangasagar, West Bengal.

Together we can make Difference.....Let's do it ! Save Water Save Nature !

Together we can make Difference.....Let's do it ! Save Water Save Nature !

  Save River Ganga movemunt by ‘Gangajal Nature Foundation, Mumbai’. We need your Co-Operation.

Save River Ganga movement by ‘Gangajal Nature Foundation, Mumbai’. We need your Co-Operation.

Save Ganga ! Save India !

Water pollution – Waste water and sewage waste as the main causes !

Water pollution is the result of human activities as almost any human activity can have effect on water quality. Drainage in Ganga at VaranasiContamination of lakes, rivers, and oceans happens every day threatening animals and plants that live in these water bodies. Water pollution is burning problem that needs to be solved but this is very difficult because there are so many different causes of water pollution, and we should solve every single cause in order to completely solve this problem. However we can point out two main causes for water pollution: sewage waste and waste water.

When thinking about water pollution many people think primarily of sewage waste. This is understandable given constant increase of human population, and the fact that many people in undeveloped countries still lack even the basic sanitation (toilets). Sewage disposal problem is more serious problem than many people think, and it often results in water-related illnesses such as diarrhea, that by some estimations kills more than 4 million children each year. But the problem with sewage doesn’t lie only in countries of the third world, but also in many developed countries. For example, when you flash the toilet, waste goes somewhere, sometimes even into the sea. Now if this would be completely “natural sewage” then this wouldn’t be big problem because 90% of sewage is water. However we are definitely changing this percentage by flashing down paper, plastic, and many other wastes which eventually enter into our river bodies, and can cause many waterborne diseases.

 Waste water is problem that has been there since the beginning of industrial era. Waste water are different chemicals discharged mainly by factories, of which much gets pumped untreated into rivers, oceans, and other water bodies. The world generates each year incredible number of 400 billion tons of industrial waste, of which many ends up in different water bodies. Factories are mostly responsible for waste water problem, but are not only factor. Another significant contributor is also a highway runoff, especially now with so many different vehicles on our highways. Spilled fuel, different brake fluids and similar stuff are all toxic chemicals. When it rains these toxic chemicals are being carried to rivers and other water bodies.

Sewage waste and waste water are problems that deserve our attention, not only because of many different ecosystems that have to live in polluted water bodies but also because of ourselves, especially because of freshwater supply in many parts of the world. Without the water there is no life on Earth, and we have less than 3 % of fresh water on earth, of which majority is frozen in glaciers.

Solving the water pollution problem is especially difficult task in undeveloped countries that lack both funds as well as the education to understand the importance of keeping the water sources clean. There are still some people dying of thirst in some countries, and this is really moral slap in the face for all of us, since water should be resource available for all of us, and not just for the lucky ones.

Courtesy

http://pollutionarticles.blogspot.com/2008/09/water-pollution-waste-water-and-sewage.html

पाणी आणि वापर !

Untitled-1

साभार

अनंत देशपांडे

रूची, फेब्रुवारी २०१०

ग्रंथाली

Pollution in India – River and air pollution !

India just like China too has serious problem with pollution. Unfortunately not only country’s economy has growing trend but also country’s pollution and mostly affected are rivers as they have almost become garbage dumps.

About 80 % of urban waste in India ends up in rivers where it destroys river ecosystems and it also makes bodies of water unfit for human use, not to mention the fact that many river species population are falling rapidly and if this trend continues this rivers could soon become dead rivers.

Untreated sewage often ends up in rivers and testing of the water from the Ganges River near Varanasi showed that levels of fecal coliform, a dangerous bacterium that comes from untreated sewage, were about 3,000 percent higher than what is considered safe for bathing. This is of course causing many illnesses. It also has to be said that India invested lots of money in clean-up efforts, especially in area of New Delhi, but that isn’t enough considering rapid growth of population in India and it hasn’t resulted with cleaner water. The worst fact is that water-borne diseases are India’s leading cause of child mortality

Air is also polluted in India almost as much as in China and some experts believe that smog from India and China could even change weather patterns in North America. Even the famous Taj Mahal is becoming more and more yellow because of tremendous air pollution.

India is already facing massive environmental damage and environment isn’t the only victim of this story. Many deaths and diseases of human population are already caused as the result of air and water pollution and many more will follow unless something is done. But what can be done, what is the right solution? Hard to say, maybe to try lifting ecological conscience and awareness of population, but that’s very hard to achieve among rural and uneducated population. It’s really now or never for Indian government to come up with the plan to save something before it goes out of their reach. But that is unfortunately almost an impossible mission.

 River and Air Pollution grows in

Courtesy

http://pollutionarticles.blogspot.com/2008/01/pollution-in-india-river-and-air.html

Arsenic in drinking water !

Scientists believe that about 140 million people, especially in developing countries, are being continuously poisoned by arsenic in their drinking water. Arsenic is very poisonous metalloid that is often used in pesticides, herbicides and insecticides. The arsenic in the groundwater is of natural origin and being released from the sediment into the groundwater due to the anoxic conditions of the subsurface. This concerning number of 140 million people will lead to higher cancer rates in the future. But not only water is poisoned by arsenic because even rice that is grown on these areas has health risk and this is very big problem for more than 70 countries, especially in South and East Asia. Since rice is usually grown in paddy fields, often flooded with water from the same arsenic contaminated wells and in many Asian countries rice is the essential food. Massive epidemic of arsenic poisoning has already taken place in Bangladesh and its neighboring countries.

Drinking water with high concentration of arsenic can lead to high rates of developing some type of cancers, including tumors of the lung, bladder and skin. Many people still don’t know how dangerous this drinking water could be because some of the effects happen many years after the first exposure to arsenic. To make things look even worse scientist predict that in the long term one in every 10 people that consumed water with high concentration of arsenic will die from it and this is sadly the highest known increase in mortality from any environmental exposure. Despite the fact that this has become major problem, governments still failed to give proper significance and the priority that this problem, especially considering numbers of possible victims, deserves. It looks like those reports of poisonous communities in Bangladesh from 80s are being easily forgotten.

This picture shows countries in Asia affected with groundwater arsenic contamination and is clearly visible that arsenic_map_of_asiaarsenic contamination is becoming problem in many of Asian countries. Five major incidents caused by groundwater arsenic contamination were in Bangladesh, West Bengal-India, Inner Mongolia, Xin-Xiang Provinces in China and Taiwan.

But how did the large scale contamination began? It all started with originally one very good idea that went «slightly» wrong and it all started in the late years of the 20th century as aid agencies promoted a massive tube well drinking-water program. This program was designed to prevent drinking surface waters which can be contaminated with bacteria that can cause diarrhea and other diseases, but unfortunately failed to test for arsenic in the groundwater not suspecting that well water would emerge with elevated levels of arsenic because arsenic is naturally present in soil and it leaches into groundwater. Since than many Asian countries like China, Cambodia and Vietnam and some other countries from South America were exposed to contamination. North America and Europe aren’t having major problems with arsenic because most of their water is provided by utilities, but still all wells should be regularly tested in order to avoid contamination.

The Cambridge team of scientists even developed computer models that aim to predict which regions have the highest risk for arsenic contamination after taking into account factors like geology and climate. Let us just hope that these computer models will find practical use and that governments will be more concerned to this rising problem because arsenic is very poisonous material that could mean loss of millions of lives worldwide.

Courtesy –

http://pollutionarticles.blogspot.com/2007/09/arsenic-in-drinking-water.html